Dallas Green Book Listings

Congratulations to this year’s Oscar nominees, including Best Picture Nominee Green Book, a movie based on a travel guide that listed safe places for African American motorists to travel during a time when Jim Crow laws were in effect.

Green Book Dallas 1941 Page 1
1941 Green Book cover and excerpt (New York Public Library)

The Negro Motorist Green Book was created, written, and distributed by New York City mailman Victor Green from 1936-1966. When Green first wrote the guide, America’s highway system was rapidly developing. Roads like Highway 66 and the Lincoln Highway made it easier for Americans to travel long distance, but traveling on these roads could be risky for African American motorists who weren’t always familiar with the towns they were passing through. “Sundown towns” – communities where black travelers were not welcome after sunset – were common during the Jim Crow era. The threat of harassment and refusal of services was always present in unfamiliar places. The Green Book helped guide African Americans to safe restaurants, hotels, gas stations, entertainment venues, and more.

Beaumont BBQ Dallas 1815 Orange
Diners enjoying a meal at Beaumont Barbeque in Dallas West End (Dallas Public Library)

Dallas was one of the more difficult places to find establishments that would serve African Americans, but there were over 30 listings here throughout the years. Most of them were located in the area north of downtown, where a freedmans town established by former slaves during the Reconstruction era was located. The thriving neighborhood, also known as ‘Short North Dallas’ was largely destroyed by the creation of Central Expressway, Woodall Rodgers Freeway, and by subsequent redevelopment projects over the years. The remaining portion of the neighborhood was protected and designated as the State-Thomas historic district.

One of the few remaining Green Book listed buildings, the Moorland YMCA (now the Dallas Black Dance Theater), was listed in the Green Book every year that Dallas was included in the publication. This building, along with the Triple A Ranch Motel in West Dallas (now called the Inn of the Dove), are the only two Dallas Green Book listings that are still standing. Other places such as Green Acre Motel (1711 McCoy St) where Ray Charles, Etta James, Fats Domino, and other prominent Black celebrities once stayed have been lost to history.

NOTE: The Green Book did not list every establishment in the city that served Black customers. The Dallas 1952 Sanborn maps reveal that many of the listed businesses were located in predominantly Black neighborhoods which had thriving churches, theatres, and other businesses in the immediate area.

If you have memories or photographs you would like to share of any of the establishments listed below, please leave us a comment or email Jennifer Anderson. We would love to hear from you!

Explore the map of Dallas Green Book listings below:

Dallas’ Green Book Listed Properties:

2nd Avenue Motel
Address: 214 Long Street (Location unknown)
Years Listed: 1956-57
Status: Unknown

8th Street Motel
Address: 1937 8th Street (Location unknown)
Years Listed: 1956
Status: Unknown

Beaumont Barbeque (Restaurant)
Address: 1815 Orange Street (now Field Street)
Years Listed: 1941-67
Status: Demolished

Bogel Hotel
Address: 821 Bogel St
Years Listed: 1955-67
Status: Demolished

Davis (Restaurant)
Address: 6806 Lemmon Ave
Years Listed: 1941-55
Status: Demolished

Foster’s Motel
Address: 903 Liberty
Years Listed: 1959-61
Status: Demolished

Givens (Garage)
Address: 3102 Ross Ave
Years Listed: 1941-48
Status: Demolished

Grand Terrace (Hotel)
Address: Boll and Guliett (Juliette)
Years Listed: 1941-52
Status: Demolished

Green Acres Motel
Green Acres Motel
Address: 1711 McCoy St
Years Listed: 1956-67
Status: Demolished (2017)

Hall St (Tavern)
Address: 1804 Hall St (address numbers have changed since publication)
Years Listed: 1941-51
Status: Demolished

Hall’s (Hotel)
Address: 1825 Hall St (address numbers have changed since publication)
Years Listed: 1941-55
Status: Demolished

Irene’s (Restaurant)
Address: 3209 Thomas
Years Listed: 1941
Status: Demolished

Jack’s (Service Station)
Address: Hall and Central
Years Listed: 1941
Status: Demolished

Johnson’s Eat Shop (Restaurant)
Address: 2306 Allen St
Years Listed: 1959-61
Status: Demolished

Lewis (Hotel)
Address: 302 N Central (address numbers have changed since publication)
Years Listed: 1941-61
Status: Demolished

Little State Hotel
Address: 3212 State St
Years Listed: 1959-61
Status: Demolished

Lone Star / Howard Hotel
Address: 3118 San Jacinto
Years Listed: 1941-67
Status: Demolished
Note: Name changed to Howard by 1952 listing

Moorland Y.M.C.A. (Lodging, community center)
Moorland YMCA
Address: 2700 Flora St (now Ann Williams Way)
Years Listed: 1941-67
Status: Standing
Note: Now the Dallas Black Dance Theater

Palm Cafe
Address: 2213 Hall St (address numbers have changed since publication)
Years Listed: 1941-57
Status: Demolished

Peter Lane Hotel
Address: 2611 Flora St
Years Listed: 1959-61
Status: Demolished

Powell Hotel
Address: 3115 State St
Years Listed: 1941-67
Status: Demolished

Regal (Night Club)
Address: Thomas Ave and Hall St
Years Listed: 1941, 1946
Status: Demolished

S. Brown’s (Beauty salon)
Address: 1721 Hall St (address numbers have changed since publication)
Years Listed: 1941-55
Status: Demolished

Shalimar Restaurant
Address: 2219 Hall St (address numbers have changed since publication)
Years Listed: 1953-67
Status: Demolished

Smith’s (Drug store)
Address: Corner of Hall St and Thomas Ave
Years Listed: 1941-55
Status: Demolished

State (Taxicabs)
Address: 2411 Elm St
Years Listed: 1941
Status: Demolished

Tommie & Fred’s (Restaurant)
Address: Washington St and Thomas Ave
Years Listed: 1941-47
Status: Demolished

Triple A Motel
Triple A Motel
Address: 1839 Fort Worth Ave
Years Listed: 1956-61
Status: Standing
Note: Now the Inn of the Dove

Walker’s (Service Station)
Address: 2307 Hall St (address numbers have changed since publication)
Years Listed: 1941
Status: Demolished

Washington’s (Barber shop)
Address: 3203 Thomas Ave (address numbers have changed since publication)
Years Listed: 1941-55
Status: Demolished

William’s (Service Station)
Address: Lennard & Thomas Ave
Years Listed: 1941
Status: Demolished

William’s Motel
Address: 6007 Harry Hines Blvd
Years Listed: 1959-61
Status: Demolished

 Y.W.C.A. (Lodging, community center)
Address: 3525 State St
Years Listed: 1941-67
Status: Demolished

Click here to view a spreadsheet of Dallas Green Book Listings.